Stages of Vein Disease
Vein Disease Stage 1 - Spider Veins
Early stages of Varicose Veins are seen on the surface of the skin only. These are dermatological problems that may be unsightly, bulging veins at worst. Often this stage can include Spider Veins or small thin blood vessels that lie close to the surface of the skin. These dilated veins and capillary vessels are called Telangiectasias.
Vein Disease Stage 2 - Pre Varicose Vein Stages
During the Pre Varicose Veins stage patients can observe few signs, but patients start to become aware of early Vein Disease.
The best time to have veins treated is when symptoms begin to develop. Left untreated, it can lead to more serious issues and Vein Disease and even irreversible damage of the Lymphatic System.
Vein Disease Stage 3 - Advanced Varicose Veins and Swelling
As the Vein Disease progresses, swelling (Edemas) of the legs may begin to occur but typically does not include Skin Changes.
The Backflow in the Venous System interferes with the body’s ability to reabsorb fluid leading to swelling of the leg.
Leg swelling caused by the retention of fluid in leg tissues is known as Peripheral Edema. It can be caused by a problem with the Circulatory System, the Lymphatic System or the Kidneys. You may also experience swelling due to fluid build up after sitting or standing for a long time.
Elevation may help with the symptoms, but will not cure Venous Disease. While swelling in the leg is commonly associated with Vein Diseases, there may be other underlying causes for swelling of the legs.
Advanced Varicose stage can include other symptoms beyond unsightly emergence of bulging webs of veins. This stages can include the growth of the Varicose Veins to larger areas of the skin. It also includes pain, more swelling as well as well as muscle aches on the affected areas.
Vein Disease Stage 4 - Skin Discolouration without Ulcers
As the Vein Disease progresses, the Venous Congestion may lead to changes in the skin’s colour. The skin may also become thinner and discoloured to reddish brown or whitish in colour. At this stage, the skin is easily injured and takes more time to heal.
During this stage skin irritation and bleeding become more common.
Vein Disease Stage 5 - Skin Discolouration with Ulcers
The skin colourisation can spread beyond local Varicose Veins and lead to Ulceration particularly around the heel.
If an Ulceration has developed, treatment can be performed to promote wound healing and provide much-needed relief of the symptoms.
Vein Disease Stage 6 - Advanced Skin Ulceration
Venous Ulcers are the most advanced form of Surface or Superficial Vein Diseases. Venous Ulcers also known as Venous Insufficiency Ulceration, Stasis Ulcers, Stasis Dermatitis, Varicose Ulcers, or Ulcus Cruris are wounds that are thought to occur due to improper functioning of Venous Valves, usually of the legs (hence leg ulcers).
Leg and Ankle Ulcers are caused by Venous Congestion. This means a patient's blood flow is insufficient to provide nutrition to the skin. Once Vein Diseases have progressed to this stage, any type of skin injury will only heal slowly.
Without treatment, Skin Ulcers can remain for an extended period of time, and more than likely worsen. They can become chronic wounds if left untreated and can be extremely painful.